Field Drainage Solutions
It’s all about managing the water.
When applying nutrients to the fields there should be two main goals:
1.Balance all production inputs at optimum levels.
2. Maintain ideal soil retention and low losses to groundwater.
With today’s technology, these goals can be achieved by developing a systematic crop plan that bolsters water and resource conservation while also maximizing production levels and reducing costs.
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FARM AND PASTURE DRAINAGE DESIGN
A well-designed water management system will pay for itself in just three to five years. Incorporating surface and subsurface drainage systems will increase crop yields and property value while providing the best opportunities for success
THE BENEFITS OF AGRICULTURAL DRAINAGE SYSTEMS:
- Increased crop yields
- Reduced input costs
- Deeper root growth
- Better soil aeration
- Reduction in compaction
- Decreased soil erosion
Grovin Farm Services offers water management and drainage solutions to help farmers increase yields and decrease crop damage.
Available Water Management Solutions
Professional survey – A field survey with the latest GPS/GIS equipment for real-time accuracy
Engineered and custom design – A drainage engineer will develop a master water management system
Laser land leveling services – Above surface elimination of low spots and depressions where water pools
Ditch and surface inlet construction – Implementing systems of ditches and inlets to further water movement off the property
Culvert installation – Professional installation of culverts
Drain tile installation – A drainage specialist to install a custom-designed system of subsurface drain tile
Why invest in agricultural drainage?
The purpose of agricultural drainage is to remove excess water from the soil in order to enhance crop production. In some soils, the natural drainage process is sufficient for growth and production of agricultural crops, but in many other soils artificial drainage is needed for maximum agricultural production.
Surface drainage is the removal of water that collects on the land surface. Many fields have low spots or depressions where water pools. Surface drainage techniques such as land leveling, constructing surface inlets to subsurface drains and the construction of shallow ditches or waterways can allow the water to leave the field rather than causing prolonged wet areas.
Subsurface drainage removes excess water from the soil profile, usually through a network of perforated tubes installed 2 to 4 feet below the soil surface. These tubes are commonly called “tiles” because they were originally made from short lengths of clay pipes known as tiles. Water would seep into the small spaces between the tiles and drain away.
Drain Tile – The most common type of drainage tile is corrugated plastic tubing with small perforations that allow water entry. When the water table in the soil is higher than the tile, water flows into the tubing either through holes in the plastic tube or through the small cracks between adjacent clay tiles. This lowers the water table to the depth of the tile over the course of several days. Drain tiles allow excess water to leave the field, but once the water table has been lowered to the elevation of the tiles, no more water flows through the tiles.
Designing and installing a drainage system is a complex process because every field is unique and usually requires an individual design. Drainage depends on topography, the types of crops that will be grown in the field and soil type. Every soil type has different properties that affect its drainage capabilities.
Agronomists and engineers have developed recommendations for drainage depth and spacing in specific soil types based on years of experience and knowledge of soil properties. As a drainage contractor, Grovin Farm Services use these recommendations and the latest technology to design drainage systems that economically and effectively drain a particular field.